Der Sport­wis­sen­schafl­ter Ross Tucker über die Erfol­ge ost­afri­ka­ni­scher Läu­fer und ihre Grün­de – und über das grund­le­gen­de Pro­blem des Ver­trau­ens in die Leis­tung von Sport­lern, wenn (auch) gedopt wird.

I think THERE IS a phy­sio­lo­gi­cal basis for the con­cen­tra­ti­on of east African/​Kenyan/​Kalenjin/​Nandi run­ners. I belie­ve that THERE ARE legi­ti­ma­te bio­me­cha­ni­cal advan­ta­ges that are more likely to be found in the­se popu­la­ti­ons than else­whe­re, and which explain their over-repre­sen­ta­ti­on. In turn, I belie­ve that the­re are prin­ci­ples and con­cepts that stu­dy­ing east Afri­can run­ners can teach the world about being bet­ter run­ners.
But there’s a con­foun­der that you sim­ply can­not igno­re unless you’re in total deni­al – doping.

Ross Tucker, sport​sci​en​tists​.com

Er emp­fiehlt vor allem Mus­ter­er­ken­nung zur Ein­schät­zung von sport­li­chen Leis­tun­gen ein­zu­set­zen (und betont, dass das natür­lich kein Nach­weis von Doping ist). Sol­che Mus­ter könn­ten z.B. sein:

Anyo­ne who runs a time in the top 50 in histo­ry, or who comes top 5 in a big city mara­thon, is auto­ma­ti­cal­ly high risk

Any major impro­ve­ment in per­for­mance, with a huge increase in sus­pi­ci­on if that impro­ve­ment hap­pens more than about three years into the athlete’s care­er, must be view­ed as high­ly sus­pi­cious.

Erra­tic per­for­mance.

Ross Tucker, sport​sci​en​tists​.com

und, natür­lich nicht zu ver­ges­sen, das sons­ti­ge Ver­hal­ten der Ath­le­ten.
Das gibt eine inter­es­san­te, beden­kens­wer­te Lek­tü­re.

Tucker, R. (2019, April 25). We need to talk about East Afri­can run­ners and gene­ral trust vs skep­ti­cism in per­for­man­ces. Retrie­ved May 9, 2019, from https://​sports​sci​en​tists​.com/​2​0​1​9​/​0​4​/​w​e​-​n​e​e​d​-​t​o​-​t​a​l​k​-​a​b​o​u​t​-​e​a​s​t​-​a​f​r​i​c​a​n​-​r​u​n​n​e​r​s​-​a​n​d​-​g​e​n​e​r​a​l​-​t​r​u​s​t​-​v​s​-​s​k​e​p​t​i​c​i​s​m​-​i​n​-​p​e​r​f​o​r​m​a​nces/